1951 Chrysler Cars Fact Sheet
1951 Chrysler Facts, Figures, and Specifications
For 1951, aside from the introduction of the Hemi, the Royal line was dropped from the Chrysler fold and the Windsor line became the new low-price series. In a strange move, the Windsor did not receive the Hemi.
1951 Chrysler – The “Hemi” Outdoes Them All
The big news for 1951 was the introduction of the new 180 HP OHV Hemi-head V-8 engine and the demise of the ancient L-head 8, that had been introduced in 1934. The Windsor line continued with the I-6.
General Year Information – 1951 Chrysler Cars
From a styling point of view, the Chrysler line was revised in 1951 with only minor changes, but the result was a much more modern look. The grille lost the costly egg-crate styling look. Parking lamps were now located directly below the headlamps within the top grille molding. The top grille molding also wrapped completely around the front end and ran rearward to the middle of the front door.
The rear window was three-piece and now wrapped around the rear roof area, emulating the style and theme of the 1950 Newport hardtop. Rear styling did duplicate the 1950 Chrysler look, with the exception of a new bumper design. Interiors remained little changed and the dash panel continued its padded design similar to the 1949-50 cars.
Of course, the big news for 1951 was the introduction of the new Hemi-head V-8 engine. The hemispherical combustion chamber V-8 was the only engine produced in America with this revolutionary design. Its 180 horsepower rating was the top for any V-8 produced that year – and with only a 2-barrel carburetor and single exhaust!
The L-head 8, around since 1934 was gone, and the venerable L-Head 6’s days were numbered, to be replaced by a larger six in 1952.
1951 Chrysler Factoids
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Chrysler used their military experience with hemispherical combustion chambers to design their 1951 overhead valve V-8 engine. Contrary to most information it was released as the “FirePower”, not “Hemi”. The first version of the engine had a displacement of 331 CID and produced 180 HP @ 4000 RPM. See the Introductory Brochure HERE.
1951 Chrysler Facts – Models Offered
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SERIES C51: Six Cylinder – The Windsor was now the lowest-priced Chrysler and for the most part, replaced the Royal in the linup. “Windsor” nameplates were located on the front fenders, above the trim moldings. Town & Country station wagons were a part of the Windsor Series. A 2-door Sedan, 4-door Sedan, Station Wagon and Ambulance were offered, along with the long wheelbase 4-door sedan. Standard equipment was as had been in place for the 1950 Royal line. Fluid Drive was optional in this series.
SERIES C55: 8-Cylinder – The Saratoga took a new path for 1951. It combined a Windsor series chassis with the new Hemi V-8 engine. Its wheelbase was a full six inches shorter than the New Yorker, at 125.5″, and weight was about 250 lbs. less. The Saratoga was a late addition to the line and was introduced to the public more than three months after other 1951 Chryslers. As such, the Saratoga has a separate sales brochure.
“Saratoga” nameplates were located on the front fenders and a new “V” ornament graced the hood and deck lid. The Prestomatic Fluid Drive transmission was standard equipment. The Saratoga could also be had on the 139.5″ long wheelbase, making a V-8 powered Limo available. A Town & Country wagon was a part of this series and was the first of this nameplate with V-8 power – also on the 125.5″ short wheelbase.
SERIES C52: 8-CYLINDER – The New Yorker was the first Chrysler to use a V-8 engine, since the Saratoga did not arrive until January 1951. Wheelbase was longer than the Windsor or Saratoga models by six inches at 131.5″. The V-8 powered New Yorker was identified by large “V” ornaments on the hood and deck lid. “New Yorker” nameplates were placed on the front fenders.
As on other 1951 Chryslers, styling changes were for the most part in the area in front of the cowl. Side trim on the rear fender began above the stone shield, then dipped abruptly before continuing, horizontally, to the rear. Town & Country rear fenders matched those of the Windsor and Saratoga in design. The dash panel continued its padded design and remained similar to the 1949 type.
The new Hemi V-8 was called the “Firepower” engine. Also new was power steering, which was an industry first. Oriflow shock absorbers were now available. A Town & Country wagon set on the 131.5″ wheelbase was introduced in January and only 250 were sold.
1951 Chrysler Facts – Engines
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Windsor and Windsor DeLuxe Series Engine.
L-head six-cylinder. Cast iron block. Displacement: 250.6 CID. Bore and stroke: 3.438″ x 4.5″. Compression ratio: 7.00:1. Horsepower: 116 @ 3600 RPM. Torque: 214 ft. lbs. @ 1600 RPM. Four main bearings. Mechanical lifters. Camshaft Duration: Intake 236°, Exhaust 236°, Overlap Unk°, Lift (Intake) 0.375″ (Exhaust) 0.375″.Carburetor: Standard shift – Ball and Ball Model Ball or BallEX1R or EX2R. Fluid Drive M-6 transmission – Ball and Ball model E9A1.
Saratoga and New Yorker Series Engine.
V-8 overhead valve, Hemispherical Combustion Chambers. Double rockers. Cast Iron Block. Displacement: 331.1 CID. Bore and stroke: 3.81″ x 3.63″. Compression Ratio: 7.5:1. Horsepower: 180 @ 4000 RPM. Torque: 312 ft. lbs. @ 2000 RPM. Five main bearings. Hydraulic valve lifters. Camshaft Duration: Intake 252°, Exhaust 244°, Overlap Unk°, Lift (Intake) 0.375″ (Exhaust) 0.362″. Carburetors: Early: Carter 2-barrel WCD 830S, 830SA. 830SB or 931SC. Late: Carter 2-barrel WCD 931S, 931SA, 931SB or 931SC.
1951 Chrysler Facts – Chassis Features
- Wheelbase: Wheelbase: Windsor, Windsor DeLuxe and Saratoga: Long wheelbase models – 139.5″ Others – 125.5″. New Yorker: Wheelbase: 131.5″.
- Overall length: Windsor: 202.5″; Windsor DeLuxe and Saratoga: 207.8″; Long wheelbase cars: 222.1″ ; New Yorker: 214.0125″.
- Front tread: All except Limousine: 57.25″,
- Rear tread: All except Limousine: 58.282″, Limousine 66.0″.
- Overall width: All except Limousine: 75.125″ Limousine: 80.875″.
- Tires: Windsor, Windsor DeLuxe, Saratoga, long wheelbase cars and Station Wagon: 8.20 x 15, Windsor, Windsor DeLuxe and Saratoga short wheelbase cars: 7.60 x 15. New Yorker: 8.20 x 15. White walls available at extra cost.
1951 Chrysler Facts – Powertrain Options
1951 Chrysler Facts – Body Paint Color Mix Codes
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|05 Haze Blue|
|06 Ecuador Blue|
|07 Newport Blue|
|20 Foam Green|
|21 Juniper Green|
|22 Continental Green|
|35 Quebec Gray|
|36 Stone Gray|
|37 Gunmetal Gray|
|45 Arizona Beige|
|46 Buckskin Tan|
|47 Indian Brown|
|60 Crown Maroon|
|61 Holiday Red|
|65 Belvedere Ivory|
1951 Chrysler Facts – Significant Options
1951 Chrysler Facts – Related Document Downloads
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